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Travel to Salzburg, AustriaAll About Travelling
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Travel to Salzburg, Austria

Sep, 21 || 2 Comments | Tags: , , , ,
Salzburg Austria


It is the fourth largest city in Austria, capital of the federal state of Salzburg. Old Town (Altstadt) in Salzburg, the famous baroque architecture in the world, is one of the best preserved centers in the German world, is registered as a place UNESCO World Heritage List in 1997.

History of Salzburg

Salzburg city was inhabited since early Neolithic, mainly due to salt mines in the area. Archaeological excavations have revealed prehistoric relics: in about 1000 BC it was here quite a colony numbers Illyrians, drawn from the mines exploitation Dürnberg near Hallein. After 400 years the place is occupied by the Celts. From 15 BC small human communities in the area formed a city on the banks of the Salzach River. Romans call it the Emperor Claudius (41-45 BC) Juvavum and you recognize that the city is one of the most important cities of the province of Noricum.

The next significant moment in the history of Salzburg is the in the year 700 AD, Rupert missionary coming to town. He built a church dedicated to the Apostle Peter (Peterskirche) and renovating the monastery (Peterskloster) exists. It also provides the foundation of a monastery of nuns on Mount Nonnberg. Rupert is considered the founder of Salzburg.

In the eighth century during the reign of Charlemagne, Salzburg is the capital of Bavarian rulers, diocese and archdiocese is appointed and has large properties around the city. In 1077 construction begins on Salzurg fortress, Festung Hohensalzburg, the castle ruins of the Roman uni. Between XIII-XVII century city walls are built.

Current baroque image of the city dates from the eighteenth century, the archbishops Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau, Markus von Hohenems Sittikus and Paris Lodron ahitecturală implement the concept of Wolf Dietrich.

In 1816 Salzburg Austria goes under administration. Two years later, following a strong fire, the new town is completely destroyed.

In 1920 the foundations of the city festival (Salzburger Festspiele), important annual cultural event, whose tradition has been preserved to this day. In the 1960s to build a space for these festivities (Festspielhaus).

In 1997 the city of Salzburg is included on the UNESCO World Heritage List

Mozart in Salzburg

On January 27, 1756 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is born in a house on Getreidegasse, the number 9. This house was known as the house master of dance (Tanzmeisterhaus), because here he had founded, in 1711, a dance school for nobles, school, in addition to dance classes, courses also offers good-manners and behavior in society. In this building were held sometimes even high society balls of Salzburg. The owner of the house – at that time – Franz Karl Gottlieb Speckner had close ties of friendship with Mozart’s father and had even witnessed his parents wedding Mozart. In 1765 Mozart family decided that the space was too small and decided to move, which was postponed until 1773, when, after the third trip of Mozart and his father in Vienna, the family moves to Hannibal market a house (‘Hannibalplatz’) – today ‘Makartplatz’ at number 8. A number of musicians were guests of the family and Mozart composed symphonies here between 1773 and 1780, serenades, concertos for violin and piano, areas, etc.. During the Second World War, three quarters of the Getreidegasse house was destroyed by a bomb. In 1955, the International Mozarteum piece fails to sell the house remained. In 1994 this piece was torn down and started rebuilding clăridii, which is currently Mozart museum.

Sports in Salzburg

City Salzburg was a candidate for the 2010 Winter Olympics, but lost to Vancouver, Canada. In 2005 he ran for the 2014 Winter Olympics but was eliminated after the first round of voting that took place in Guatemala City on July 4, 2007, Sochi, Russia was chosen to host the 2014 Winter Olympics.

SV Austria Salzburg soccer team reached the UEFA Cup final in 1994. On April 6, 2005 Red Bull bought the club, renaming it FC Red Bull Salzburg. Red Bull Salzburg stadium Wals Siezenheim Stadium is located in a suburb of Salzburg, will be one of the locations of the European Football Championship 2008.

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