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Travel to Istanbul, TurkeyAll About Travelling
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Travel to Istanbul, Turkey

Sep, 01 || 2 Comments | Tags: , , ,

Istanbul is considered a cradle of many civilizations that have succeeded in historic old town. It is the only city in the world that lies on the shores of two continents, Europe and Asia with a population of 11,008,790 inhabitants. The city was founded by the Roman emperor Constantine the Great, the former of Greek colony, Byzantium.

Under the name Constantinople, the city served as the capital of the Byzantine Empire for more than a millennium. In 1453 was conquered by the Turks and later became the capital of the Ottoman Empire. Only in 1930, the city’s official name became Istanbul.

The Old Town is situated on the Bosphorus Strait, which separates Europe from Asia and the Black Sea to the Marmara Sea. Today, the city is much larger and covers both the European and the Asian continents. Although is no longer the capital of Turkey, Istanbul has a major position in the country’s economy and culture, plays an important part in the international trade center of Turkey.

Metropolitan population has increased three times in the last 25 years. Almost 70 percent of the residents live in the European side of Istanbul city and only 30 from the Asian side. Although Istanbul is crossed every day by millions of tourists who, in the process, some of them settle down in this city. From the religious point of view, the largest religious community is Muslims, that follow the Islam.

Istanbul has always been the center of economic life in Turkey due to its geographical location. Opening markets around specific city 1980s led to further development and good economic status.

Levent (Levant) is the financial district of Istanbul, but also the largest industrial center of Turkey. Istanbul and its neighboring provinces produce cotton, fruits, olive oil, silk and tobacco, but also here we can talk about many other articles that Turkish industrialists produce.

Istanbul sightseeing

The Blue Mosque, built between 1609 – 1616 by the architect Mehmet Aga, is better known under this name because it has a beautiful blue mosaic inside. Mosque’s interior is finely carved in white marble and stained glass which become amazing and colorful in the sunlight. Mausoleum of Suleiman the Magnificent and his wife, and Sinan’s tomb can be found in the gardens of the mosque.

Hagia Sophia is one of the most beautiful architectural creations in Turkey. Founded by Constantine and Justinian in the sixth century, the church has a dome 55 m in height and diameter of 31 m. The tradition says that the emperor was the center around the throne of the world officially.

The Hippodrome was built by Roman Emperor Septimius Severus, but who made the public arena of the city center and was Constantine. There, remained three monuments in Horse riding: Theodosius Obelisk, brought by Constantine from Egypt, consisting of three snakes winding Column and the Column of Constantine.

Dolmabahce Palace is considered a copy of the Versailles Palace in France because of the similarity of architectural styles. The palace became the new residence of the sultans after Topkapi Palace. It stretches 600 meters along the Bosphorus. The huge reception hall with 56 columns and enormous chandeliers of four and a half tons, with 750 light bulbs, always amazes visitors.

The Topkapi Palace was a maze of construction and the center of Ottoman power between the XV-XIX and became the place of sublime events for over 400 years of history. Each sultan changed as needed building, architectural unity, as long as there was being affected by four large fires. The only original building remaining from the days of Mahomet are Raht Hasinesi which was the original palace is the Tile Pavilion.

Why is Istanbul “the city of seven hills”?

Istanbul is Turkey’s most populated city and an economic and cultural center. It is located on the Bosphorus Strait and crosses the natural harbor known as the Golden Shopping in north – west. Istanbul extends both sides, European and Asian and is the only metropolis in the world which geographically is situated on two continents. In 2003, the population was 8,803,468 inhabitants, representing one of the largest cities in Europe. Census Bureau estimates for July 20, 2005 a population of 11,322,000 inhabitants for the province, which is considered a metropolitan area, as the 20th largest metropolitan area in the world. In 2010 is chosen as Capital of Culture.

Istanbul is called the “city on seven hills” because of the historic peninsula, which is the oldest part that was built on 7 hills, also represented with seven mosques, one on each peak.

Over time, the city has had several names, also at a time, people depended on the origin of language and religion for example. Byzantium, Constantinople and Istanbul are name examples, where some of them are still used, depending on the culture.

Climate

Istanbul has a temperate climate, although some claim based on the classification of Koppen’s climate as a humid subtropical climate.

In the winter is cold, wet and often covered with snow, the average temperature of 5 ° C (42 ° F). Average annual rainfall is 693 mm (27.2 inches). Summer is by far drier, although there is no real drought of rain throughout the year. Snow is quite common between December and March, with snow for a week or two.

Districts

Istanbul is a huge city with several districts containing sightseeing, restaurants, and nightclubs. Istanbul is Turkey’s most popular city, and also a cultural and financial center. Situated on both banks of the Bosphorus, the narrow strait between the Black Sea and Marmara Sea, Istanbul is the bridge between Asia and Europe, both physically and culturally.

1. Sultanahmet-Old City
2. Galata
3. New City
4. Bosphorus
5. Golden
6. Princes’ Islands
7. Asian Side
8. Western Suburbs

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2 Comments

  1. Felica Reidhaar says:

    It is really a nice and helpful piece of info. I’m glad that you shared this helpful info with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  2. […] Istanbul is a city filled with interesting features. Taking a walk in the Byzantine tunnels is a splendid way of getting the full experience of Istanbul. […]

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