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Travel to Czech Republic

Oct, 02 || No Comments | Tags: , , ,

Czech Republic (Česko Czech officially Czech Republic, Czech Česká republika) is located near the geographical center of Europe and covers an area of ​​78,866 square kilometers. It consists of three parts Historical: Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia. It is a continental country which borders with Germany (border length is 810 km), Poland (762km), Austria (466km) and Slovakia (265km).

Czech history is closely linked to that of Slovakia. The vast majority of the twentieth century formed a single state. These states were separated on 1 January 1993, although it was more than a political decision than the decision of the people. The early history of the Czech Republic was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

In the Czech Republic live more than 10 million inhabitants with a population density of 131 inhabitants per square kilometer. Among the most numerous minorities are Slovaks, Poles and Germans. In terms of religious structure, more than half (55%) are atheists, 30% are Roman Catholic, 4% Protestant and 11% are of other religions.

The country is a parliamentary democracy, with the president at the head of state. It is divided into 14 regions. The largest city is the capital city – Prague, with more than one million inhabitants. Other big cities are Brno, Plzeň, Olomouc and Ostrava.
Czech Republic is a member of several international organizations, the most important are the EU, NATO, UN. Although it is one of the Member States of the European Union still uses its own currency – Czech koruna (CZK). The official language is Czech.

The highest peak is Sněžka (1602m above sea level) and the lowest point is located near Hřensko where the River Labe leaves the country (117m above sea level). Massifs generally located near the border mountains are. The most famous mountains are Krkonoše Mountains. Fields are especially along rivers. The longest river is the Vltava. Czech climate is temperate.

Of agricultural products are grown wheat, oats, rye, barley, potatoes, corn, vegetables and fruits. Spread is the hops. Animal production must be mentioned especially culture pigs, sheep, horses and birds. Industry, worth remembering is the extraction of brown coal, oil, natural gas, coal, tungsten, uranium, tin, graphite and polymetallic ores. Most energy is produced by thermal power plants (76%), then nuclear power plants (20%) and only a small percentage of 3% for hydro.

International abbreviation of the Czech Republic is CZE, for registration of vehicles to use the CZ. Czech internet domain is. Cz and international telephone prefix is ​​420.

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