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Travel to Crete, GreeceAll About Travelling
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Travel to Crete, Greece

Sep, 01 || No Comments | Tags: , , ,

It is the largest island in Greece, the cradle of Minoan civilization, the cradle of European culture and civilization. Realm of eternity with sandy beaches, washed by turquoise waters, picturesque landscape. The charm and magic attraction of the island is enhanced by the hospitality, warmth and clear water of the inhabitants of the sea. Discover the myths coast, birthplace of Zeus, the paradise that awaits tourists since the early spring to late autumn.

HISTORY

History and natural environment is very different Greek islands, once islands neighboring enemies in them. Ancient Greece was far from a united state. The first civilization was developed on the island of Crete.
The first inhabitants of the island came from the sixth millennium BC in Africa and the Minoan civilization formation is closely related to Indo-European immigration from Asia Minor in the third millennium BC In successive phases, the Minoans built palace-states, famous palatial centers of Knossos, Phaistos, Malia, Zakros. Knossos City, founded the top in time to flower with approx. 100 000 inhabitants, was on a huge territory 32 km from the harbor, where commercial traffic with Egypt and Syria, was highly developed.

Cretans have not surrounded by walls, palaces and even cities on the coast, which proves that at that time was probably alone and navy ruled împrejurimile.O geological disaster, eruption of Santorini in 1450 BC stopped the development of civilization. In 1100 BC, after the Dorian invasion, the decline of Minoan civilization was unstoppable. Later the island was subjugated by the Romans and then by the Phoenicians. During the Byzantine era, the welfare of Crete was presented on the mosaic floors in the basilicas and churches in over half of all Greece. But many others laid him watching all these riches. First Crete fell to the Arabs (9th century) for a century and a half. When it was founded Handak, current Heraklion. Then in 1204, the island passed into the hands of the Venetians. They fortified the old castles in Handak and built new ones in other cities.

They founded new cities (Hania and Rethimno) and built fortifications necessary for their defense. A geological disaster, eruption of Santorini in 1450 BC, halted development of civilization. In 1100 BC, after the Dorian invasion, the decline of Minoan civilization was unstoppable. Later the island was subjugated by the Romans and then by the Phoenicians. During the Byzantine era, the welfare of Crete was presented on the mosaic floors in the basilicas and churches in over half of all Greece. But many others laid him watching all these riches. First Crete fell to the Arabs (9th century) for a century and a half. When it was founded Handak, current Heraklion. Then in 1204, the island passed into the hands of the Venetians. They fortified the old castles in Handak and built new ones in other cities. They founded new cities (Hania and Rethimno) and built fortifications necessary for their defense.

GEOGRAPHY

It is the southernmost region of the island and the fifth largest in Europe. Crete, with an area of ??8400 km ┬▓, measured from east to west and 250 km from north to south with a maximum latitude of 60 km, is the largest island of Greece. Separates the Aegean Sea island Jamahiriya, marking the border between Europe and Africa. In the center is majestic mountains and plateaus, stripped of deep gorges, fertile valleys end in. The northern part is more populated, there are aligned and larger cities, located in coves suitable for anchoring, and the south with rocks towering high above the sea, is sparsely populated. Mediterranean climate is dry, torrid summer here lasts longer than in other regions of Greece.

TRANSPORT

Public road network is well developed. Most places on the island are accessible by local transport, but it is recommended to rent a car, they can freely explore the island. Among the larger cities there are regular ferry flights.

SHOPPING

Shops are generally open in the morning and afternoon until late evening. Most shops are closed during the afternoon siesta. Banks and post offices are open shorter. In most resorts, shops are open on weekends.

FOOD AND BEVERAGE

Greeks cook with olive oil, and their favorite meat is grilled sheep. Greek appetizer contains tomatoes, cucumbers, watermelon, slices of cheese, olives and various fruit. Among traditional dishes include appetizers, mezedes composed of melitzanosalata – chopped eggplant with oil, lemon and garlic, taramosalata – egg pasta and dolmadakia – vine leaves stuffed with meat or rice). The main course is casseroles, pot roast meat or fish, including skewers of lamb or pork – souvlaki. Fish and shellfish are excellent; horiatiki – Greek salad served with main course consisted of slices of tomatoes and cucumbers, olives and Fett. Dessert is usually made ??of baklava and cataif. Cretan specialties are cheese Graviera (yellow) and mizithra – white cheese, cream, often served instead of Fett in Greek salad.
Favorite appetizer is ouzo and retsina of wine. The best wines are the house and found in local taverns. Raki is the local fire water, flavored with anise, also known as the tsikoudo, served either plain or with ice and water.

TIPPING

Tipping is included in most bills from restaurants and hotels, but it is customary to leave about May. 10% of the total consumptions. The staff of hotels and taxi drivers usually receive tips.

TO VISIT

Chania

Chania is the largest city on the west coast of Crete. Buildings worth visiting for its Turkish and Venetian influence to the cruise port over which the intand taverns, terraces for white churches and towers along the streets paved. Chania is a city full of life. Markets not to be missed full of green olives, Greek cheese (mizitra, Graviera, antogala), lamb, traditional pastry specialties. Since it was built on the ruins of ancient fortresses Kydonia, one of the most important cities of Crete minoniene many of its vestiges are still visible. The city was captured by the Venetians in 1252 and stayed under their influence until 1645, leaving behind fortifications, the main venue of people on the pedestrian street of the city and buildings that meet Venetian mannerism. From 1645 it was conquered by the Turks Chania, repairing the city walls and turning them into mosques churches.

Heraklio

Heraklio is the largest city in Crete and the main gateway for tourists. This makes it changed in comparison to suffer from traffic congestion and left behind as cities. Heraklio is famous for two main markets, and Plateia Eleftherias Plateia Venizelou. Venizelou Plateia hosts the famous Fountain of Lions, which is the heart of the city and where to go to all places of interest: markets in the south port north-east. Heraklio boasts the second largest and important archeological museum after the one in Athens. History Museum of Crete houses sculptures and inscriptions, among many others during the Byzantine, Venetian and Turkish Thetokopoulos Domenikos’s painting (El Greco)? View to Mount Sinai and the monastery? in 1570, personal objects and manuscripts of national writer Nikos Katzantzakis.

Knosos’s Palace

It is located southeast of Heraklio and the biggest palace minoniana period. Around 1700 b.c. existing buildings on the site were destroyed by an earthquake and then rebuilt to a much larger scale, with 1200 rooms. One of the largest cities of the time, hosted about 100,000 inhabitants. To recreate some of the atmosphere, Sir Arthur Evans, the discoverer or the reconstructed part of the old structure.

If you spend more time in Crete visit: the museum of Nikos Kazantzakis in Myrtle, Anemospilia temple of the monastery of nuns Paliani, the old city Panas, Versamonero Venetian monastery, the monastery Koudouma.

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