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Travel to ChinaAll About Travelling
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Travel to China

Sep, 12 || No Comments | Tags: , ,

China is an amazing cultural treasure of the world located in East Asia. Its natural wealth, five millennia of history and ancient civilization that has continued until today, making China a great a tourist destination.

Numerous historical monuments scattered along the vast territory are vestiges of ancient Chinese culture. These include: the Great Wall, Forbidden City, Terracotta Army X’ian and Tiananmen Square. Lying the country’s territory also hosts various natural landscapes, such as the Three Gorges of Yangtze River, Silk Road, Tibet or Hainan Island.

Different cities that have a different view and different cultural backgrounds in China. Beijing is the capital and a beautiful cultural center. This year hosts the Olympic Games.

Shanghai is the largest city and headquarters of big business with many commercial opportunities. Nanjing and Suzhou are historical places. Guangzhou is a thriving modern city, and Guilin is a dream location. There are more than nine cities in China that should be visited.

China is the most populated country in the world with over 1.3 billion inhabitants. China is also the third largest country (in terms of area), has an area of ??9.6 million square kilometers. Economists believe China will be the strongest in the world economy over the next 20 years. Due to its numerous population, the economy growing fast, intense scientific research and development investments, China is considered a superpower emerging deoseori. Finally, China has more than 5,000 years of history alive. For these reasons, travel in China is like a journey into another world.

China’s rapid economic growth has improved tourist infrastructure. China has become one of the most visited countries in the world. Almost 50 million tourists visit China each year.

Traditional Chinese Medicine

Traditional Chinese Medicine, known in the West as TCM (traditional chinese medicine, in English), look at the body as a dynamic and interconnected energy system, which is in continuous interaction with the environment. TCM was created about four thousand years ago with the “Huang Di Neijing”, a treatise written by the Yellow Emperor medical. But it only became a formal practice during the Han Dynasty, namely when Zhang Zhongjing, the Chinese Hippocrates, wrote several articles about medicine that quickly became popular. TCM was developed from historically under the influence of religions and philosophies of the country.

The purpose of TCM is to maintain, restore balance and harmony in the universal body (called the Tao – the “way”) of the two types of energy: yin (“woman” passive energy) and yang (“male” energy positive), using acupuncture, herbal medicines, massage, diet, and practicing Qigong (an exercise in “growing” movement involving traditional and / or regular breathing for therapeutic purposes).

TCM is a whole medical system that includes the diagnosis, treatment and disease prevention. It is not only useful for mild disorders or personality disorders, and to recover strength, immunity and the capacity for pleasure, work and creativity.

Beyond the yin-yang, TCM is based on a lot of models that include five phases, the system of channels (meridians) of the human body, Zang Fu theory of bodies and others.

Chinese Martial Arts

Chinese martial arts (“Wushu”) were created and developed for self-defense and survival throughout Chinese history and became the most easy to learn martial arts in the world. A Wushu training improves the ability of correct physical health and will. It gives an individual an excellent method to train their muscles, is a personal art form, a competitive sport and self defense techniques and fardaj.

Besides China’s best-known term that refers to the martial arts is “kung-fu”, meaning someone’s skills in any field, not just martial arts. The Chinese government recently changed the term Wushu (martial art) in Guoshu (national method).

Martial arts have been practiced in China for centuries because tumultuous ancient history (warring clans, countries in conflict and even dynasties). People have learned the techniques of attack and defense to survive in this hostile environment. Movements in martial arts are represented by kicking, punching, wrestle and immobilize the opponent, which are performed by rules.

There are hundreds of Chinese martial arts techniques inside. Currently fighting styles that are still practiced as forms of Wushu are Bagua, Drunken Warrior, Eagle Claw, Five Animals, Hsing I, Hung Gar, Lau Gar, Monkey, Lacusta who pray, White Crane, Wing Chun and well-known Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi or just. Most styles are inspired by Chinese philosophical beliefs, myths and legends and replicate the movements of animals.

Experts believe that Chinese martial arts martial arts have appeared before in Japan, Korea and Tibet. These include Karate, Judo and Taekwondo.

Chinese Religions

Chinese religion is characterized by an organized and integrated system of rituals and beliefs. On the contrary, was characterized as pluralistic since the beginning of Chinese civilization last three millennia ago. The term “Religion in China” is used to describe the complex relationships between the various religious and philosophical traditions in the country.

Chinese religion is basically composed of three major traditions: Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism, although the latter is more a philosophy than a religion school. Many scholars include a fourth important tradition, religion of China. Religious perspective of the majority Chinese population is a mixture of beliefs and practices of these four traditions. The practice of one religion and the exclusion of others is not something usual, even though they often contain contradictory elements.

Number of people who are followers of Buddhism is over one billion (80%) and if Taoism is 400 million (30%). Note that many Chinese Buddhists and Taoists believe so.

Other religions have always been present in China in small number of centuries, such as Christianity nearly 50 million followers (4%), with 20 million Muslims (1.5%), Hindu, and Bon Dongbaism. There are also other modern religions attract more and more followers in the country, such as Falun Gong and Xiantianism the site.

Some of the Chinese religions appeared in their own country (Taoism, Confucianism), but others were imported from other parts of the world (Buddhism in India, Christianity in the West). In general, the Chinese can quickly assimilate religions do not attack their core beliefs, but not the same thing if they are imposed, as was the case during the Mongol invasion and Manchu. Their religious efforts gave them more confidence Chinese superiority based on their beliefs.

Despite the large number of Chinese followers of religions and the fact that most people say that they believe that gods, destiny, fate, luck and the afterlife, the Chinese population has strong religious leanings. This trend was strongly encouraged since the Communist Party took power in 1949. The government has discouraged any religious practice for decades, and during the Cultural Revolution there were many religious persecution, hundreds of churches and temples were destroyed.

However, many Chinese continued to practice their religious beliefs, even if they did it at their own risk. The period of liberalization that followed allowed religion to be outlawed and not in 1982 the constitution was amended to allow religious freedom, but the Chinese government continues to be “atheist” so far and many temples are considered simply “relics cultural. ”

Music in China

In today’s Chinese cities has been reduced to the traditional style of traditional music bands kitsch that can be heard only in concert halls or hotels and have to compete with pop music bands.

Instead, a variety of traditional musical styles still exist in rural areas and can be heard at weddings, funerals, fairs of the temple, celebration and even in tea houses. Another distinct sound can be heard even more harsh in some smoke-filled bars town, a new form of urban anxiety expressed by the rock.

Hong Kong and Taiwan business segments with their own musical characteristics. The most varied and stylized types of music are inland, in China.

Music in China dates back to early Chinese civilization. Some documents and artifacts indicate that a well-developed musical culture has existed since the Zhou Dynasty, three thousand years ago. Then, several dynasties have added features singing a particular musical style known singular with different instruments in the world.

Chinese architecture

Chinese architecture, with European and Arabic architecture, is an important element in the world system architecture, which has a unique and ancient architectural style that shaped the look of Asia for centuries.

During its long development, there was gradually in a style that had features: works timber combined with stone carvings, trodden earth constructions, buildings with arcade-shaped bucket and other techniques. Chinese industrial workers have created many architectural wonders including the Great Wall, Forbidden City and the First Emperor Qin Mausoleum.

Structural principles of Chinese architecture have remained essentially unchanged, the main changes being made only in terms of decorative detail. Since the Tang Dynasty, Chinese architecture had a great influence on architectural styles of Japan, Korea and Vietnam.

However, during recent centuries, Western-style educated Chinese architects have attempted to combine traditional Chinese design with modern buildings (usually government), with partial success, especially in big cities. Chinese traditional architecture skills such as carpentry large-scale, small-scale carpentry, masonry, stone masonry, are still used in construction of rural architecture in towns in China.

The most important feature of ancient Chinese architecture is the use of timber frames. Paintings and sculptures were added architectural work to refine it and make it more attractive.

There are various styles of ancient Chinese architecture, such as architecture, Buddhist, Islamic mosques, Taoist architecture, Chinese temples, imperial architecture, garden architecture and general architecture. Each one is unique and equally beautiful.

Architecture and culture are strongly tied together. Many architectural buildings containing cultural connotations.

Art in China

Chinese art and modern art includes both the ancient practice of artists and performers from the Chinese continent interioru. Artistic Expressions occurring around 10,000 BC being simplistic and sculptures made ??of pottery from a period known as the “Art of the Stone Age.” After this early period, a succession of dynasties continued and we improved the country’s artistic production for centuries.

Taiwan and other East Asian countries were linked in terms of history, heritage and culture of China. Therefore the art of these places is considered part of Chinese rich arts.

Many splendid works of art museums can be found in Western and Chinese. Inside the country there are many provincial and municipal museums, which preserve the beautiful old relics of almost two thousand years. Usually museums have objects like a similar design, but often are not available explanations in English or another language besides Chinese.

Since the nineteenth century a lot of unique art pieces have been moved to Europe and other countries. During the past century Chinese nationalists have moved part of the imperial collections in Taiwan – is now the Palace Museum in Taipei National – getting rid of communist persecution.

Art in China include opera, famous worldwide, poetry, dancing and modeling native paper (origami).

Chinese festivals

Most festivals take place during the Chinese lunar year, which begins with the month when the moon is first and fourth (new moon) and the middle is marked by a full moon. Because the Gregorian calendar is not equal to the Chinese lunar calendar, festivals are held on different dates each year.

Festivals often celebrate the passage of the seasons or important data, such as the eighth day or the eighth month (“eight” is a lucky number in Chinese tradition). These festivals are at the Chinese spend time giving gifts, meeting with family and attending parties. Each festival is great ancient folklore of the country and is based on participation and enthusiasm of the population.
Despite the fact that the Cultural Revolution of the last century interrupted regular festivals and religious ceremonies in the past decade have recovered the old Chinese traditions. Hong Kong is the best place to enjoy Chinese festivals, so here are celebrated almost all the bright lights and amazing decorations.

During festivals and temple incense smell of people are queuing to reach the altars and to play games that bring luck, such as trying to hit the bell from the altar with coins they drop.

Note that Chinese ethnic minorities have their own customs and religious ceremonies.

Drink and food in China

Chinese cuisine is one of the best and most famous in the world. Many factors have influenced its development over the centuries and now Chinese cuisine is present in everyone.

Chinese cooking is complex traditions from different regions of the country. There are eight major regional cuisines: Anhiu, Fujian, Hunan, Cantonese, Shandong, Szechuan, Zhejiang and Shandong. Besides these regional cuisines and cuisine Buddhist and Muslim there, which completes the great Chinese cuisine.

Chinese always liked to eat good food, regardless of position in society – Confucius once said: “Eating is the most important thing in life.” This kitchen has been transformed into a highly sophisticated art, and now eating in China can easily become an attraction for visitors.

Chinese cuisine principles are supported by a healthy harmony between the quality of various ingredients. Traditional Chinese cooking with yin and yang features in their foods. These can be seen in the use of textures and colors paired ingredients, specially prepared to give please the eye and tongue.

Conventional recipes and ingredients are the result of their own needs and not just about fashion. Small amount of meat consumed by Chinese is the result of high poverty in the country. Chinese cuisine seems experienced anything can be eaten, Chinese dishes include occasional bear paw, wing shark, fish and jellyfish lips, in their cuisine.

Fresh ingredients are available in all markets and malls, so guests can prepare their own dishes when you want and may even try to cook Chinese food, but is usually more convenient and attractive to go to a restaurant Chinese good.

Some basic differences that distinguish Chinese from the Western food are:
– More dishes at a meal
– Diversity and sophistication
– Balanced diet
– Healthier and tastier

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