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Travel to Alexandria, EgyptAll About Travelling
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Travel to Alexandria, Egypt

Sep, 02 || No Comments | Tags: , , , ,

Alexandria is the second largest city in Egypt. Alexandria was a town located at the end of the Greco-Roman western Mediterranean coast of Egypt founded by Alexander the Great. In antiquity, the city was known for the Lighthouse of Alexandria (one of the seven wonders of the ancient world) and the Library of Alexandria (the largest library in the ancient world).

City of Alexandria was famous capital of the Ptolemies, with several monuments. Also along these shores took on a tragic history between Cleopatra and Octavian, Marc Antony and Julius Caesar. Also, Alexandria was a flourishing town during periods Ptolemiac and Romanian, and through it all, the city replaced the Memphis and became the capital of Egypt. The street network plan, however the city was essentially a Greek rather than Egyptian one, with a population of Hebrew and Greek substantial.

Lately, major monuments and Romanian Ptolemaic periods were Sarapeum, a temple dedicated to the god Serapis, which may have hosted some of the library collection, Caesarium (founded by Cleopatra in honor of Marc Antony), and Kom es-Shawqafa, a labyrinth of tombs carved in stone dating from the first two centuries after Christ. ? ?

In the following centuries and Alexandria declined in the nineteenth century became a small fishing village. In the twentieth century Alexandria has recovered some lost glory. At the beginning of the twenty-first century Alexandria has about 5 million people and attracts many tourists because of its long history, its beautiful beaches and new works under construction. The most important of these works is the new library.

Today Alexandria is linked to Cairo by two major highways and a railway line. It is one of the most notable summer resorts in the Middle East, in addition to its temperate winters, its beaches and magnificent white sand, stretching over 140 km along the Mediterranean Sea, from Abu Qir, in east to Al-Alamein and Sidi Abdul Rahman, in the west.

SHOPPING IN ALEXANDRIA

There are several malls in Alexandria. Zahran Mall is excellent and has a wide variety of movies. Mina Mall and Mall Deeb also deserves mention. In 2006 opened in San Stefano Grand Plaza, with a range of excellent shops.

Although the city has several traditional Islamic-style markets, junk shops are hidden in side-alleys of dust. There are several street vendors, even if they can sometimes be intimidating.
But if you love to negotiate, they are the people most suitable!

The city also has a number of good libraries, some specialize in international books and magazines written in many languages??.

The most interesting shopping area for tourists in Egypt are in Cairo, the old bazaar, Khan el-Khalili, who specializes in reproduction antique, copper tools, spices, jewelry and clothing Coptic, which are part of many special products.

Exsita also many modern shopping centers, especially near Market Tehrir. Negotiating is expected and sometimes encouraged as a form of communication and human contact.

ALEXANDRIA ATTRACTIONS

City of Alexandria has many attractions and ancient sites, and discovered several new always on the seabed or under the earth. Also, the city of Alexandria has been the setting of events revolving around some of the most important figures in history. From Alexander Ptolemy dynasty, to Cleopatra and Julius Caesar and then Augustus, the city has a very rich heritage.

Pompey’s Pillar: Pompey’s Pillar is another attraction, representing the remains of an ancient temple that has both Roman and Egyptian artifacts. It is the largest memorial column in Egypt. With a height of about 28 meters and a diameter of 2.7 meters at the base, and to the Capitol at the top tapering to 2.3 meters.

During the reign of Roman Emperor Diocletian was erected this memorial column, between 284-305 d.Hr, in honor of the Roman Emperor as a sign of gratitude.

Around column commemorative monuments of Diocletian there are some that can be seen. Also, in the back are the remains of a Serapium, or a god temple of Serapis, now badly damaged. Column memorial was built during the reign of Ptolemy II and Ptolemy III, and was damaged during riots Jewish population of Alexandria during the reign of Emperor Trajan (89-118 d.Hr). However, the commemorative column was rebuilt during the reign of Hadrian (117-137 d.Hr). It was probably destroyed again after the appearance of Christianity. It was basically a high platform which could be reached by a staircase of 100 steps.

Qaitbay Castle: Castle Qaitbay of Alexandria is considered one of the most important fortress, not only in Egypt but also throughout the entire Mediterranean coast. It was built in 1480 by Sultan Ashraf to protect Alexandria Ottoman attacks and was an important part of the fortification system of Alexandria in the XVth century.

Its four corners are oriented toward the cardinal points.

At the time restoration began during the reign of Ahmed Ibn Tulun (over 880 d.Hr). However, during the eleventh century there was an earthquake which caused damage to part octagonal. Bottom survived, but serve only as a defense tower and a small mosque was built on top. In XIV century another very destructive earthquake took place and the whole building was completely destroyed. The castle was built on the site of the ancient pharaohs, or lighthouse, which was originally one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.

Roman Amphitheater: Roman Amphitheater Ptolemaic times was a pleasure garden. Roman amphitheater was used for musical performances, and sometimes also for wrestling contests. It was built with marble from Asia Minor, red granite from Aswan and white marble in Europe.

Also, each city in ancient Rome was an amphitheater, which means “double stage”. They were grand and impressive in semicircle, with no roof, and could accommodate 100,000 people.

Roman Amphitheater is located in Kom El-Dikaa modern, which is close to downtown Alexandria, Egypt, bordered by Horry Street West, Mona Abdel street north, Nabi Daniel Street on the south and east Zaghloul Street Saphire. In the past, the outer surface of this building was probably adorned with columns located on several floors. In subsequent periods the theater was rebuilt and its auditorium was reduced to a diameter of 33.5 meters. That period was 16 rows of marble seats.

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