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Travel to AlaskaAll About Travelling
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Travel to Alaska

Nov, 09 || No Comments | Tags: , ,

Travel to Alaska

The climate in Alaskaand the southeast portion is a subpolar oceanic areas south and north of this part of the state. This area is more humid and warmer in Alaska, with mild winter temperatures and high volume of precipitation throughout the year. In Juneau average annual rainfall is 1270 mm, in other areas it is over 7000 mm. This is the only area in Alaska where the average daytime temperature is above 0 ° C in the winter months.

Climate city Anchorage and central-southern area of ​​Alaska is also relatively soft due to proximity to the coast. Rainfall in this area are lower than in Southeast Alaska, but here it snows more, and tend to be more sunny days. On average, 406 mm of precipitation fall Anchorage a year, with about 1900 mm of snow, although there are some parts where snow is abundant. The climate is subpolar, with short summers and cool.

Barrow, Alaska, the northernmost city in the U.S.
The climate in Western Alaska is determined largely by the proximity of the Gulf of Alaska and Bering Sea. The climate is subpolar oceanic subpolar continental southwest and north. In this area, the annual amount of precipitation varies considerably. Northern Seward Peninsula is practically a desert that receives less than 250 mm of precipitation annually, while in some areas between Dillingham and Bethel average is 2,500 mm of precipitation.

The inside of the Alaska climate is best described as extreme and is a typical example of subpolar climate. Some of the highest and lowest temperatures in Alaska were recorded in the city of Fairbanks. Summer temperatures reach 30-35 ° C), while winter can be recorded minimum -52 ° C). Rainfall is low inside, often below 250 mm per year, but winter rainfall continue throughout the year.
The climate in the far north of Alaska is an arctic climate, typical for areas north of the Arctic Circle. Winters are long and cold and summers short and cool. In July, average temperature is in the town of Barrow is 1 ° C. [2] Rainfall is low here, in many places less than 250 mm annually, mostly as snow.

History of Alaska

First contact with Europeans occurred in 1741 Alaska, when Vitus Bering led an expedition on board the Russian Navy St. Peter. After the crew returned to Russia with otter fur, fur which were considered to be the best furs in the world, small associations have turned to the shores of Siberia furrier and to the Aleutian Islands. The first permanent settlement of Europeans was founded in 1784 and the Russian-American Company has implemented a program of colonization in the early years of the nineteenth century. New Archangel on Kodiak Island was the first capital of Alaska, but she soon moved to Sitka for a century. Russians have not fully colonized Alaska, not very profitable colony. William H. Seward, U.S. Secretary of State, negotiated the purchase of the colonies by his country to the Russian Empire in 1867 for 7.2 million dollars. Alaska was governed by the military for years, and was, unofficially, U.S. territory after 1884.
In 1890, races in Alaska gold and Yukon Territory, British territory in the vicinity, have brought thousands of miners and settlers Alaska. Alaska officially received territorial status in 1912. At that time, already had moved the capital of Juneau.

During the Second World War, the Aleutian Islands Campaign focused on the three islands of the archipelago outer Aleutians – Attu, Kiska Agattu and [3] – which were occupied by Japanese troops between June 1942 and August 1943. Unalaska / Dutch Harbor became a major base for American submarines and aircraft.
U.S. rental program involving U.S. aircraft flights through Canada to Fairbanks war and thence to Nome, Russian pilots took over the planes, and they went to fight the German invasion of the USSR. Construction of military bases contributed to population growth of some Alaskan cities.

Alaska state was declared on 3 January 1959.

In 1964, an earthquake killed 131 people and destroyed several villages, many due to tsunamis. He was the second earthquake intensity in history, about 9.2 on the Richter scale. Was 100 times more powerful than the earthquake in San Francisco in 1989. Its epicenter was but a unpopulated area, which led to fewer casualties.

The discovery of oil at Prudhoe Bay in 1968 and the Trans-Alaska oil pipeline completed in 1977 led to an explosion in the extractive industry. In 1989, the tanker Exxon Valdez struck a reef to the Prince William Strait, spilling 40 million gallons of crude oil over a length of 1600 km of coastline. Today, the battle between philosophies of development and conservation is seen in the debate on oil drilling in Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Alaska.

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