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Old New YorkAll About Travelling
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Old New York

Feb, 12 || No Comments | Tags: , , ,

New York City, the most densely populated city in the United States is a political, cultural and financial and one of the largest cities in the world, along with London, Tokyo and Paris, also housing a large number of museums, galleries art, performance halls, international corporations, commodity exchanges, etc.. Also in New York is also the headquarters of the United Nations and all diplomatic missions associated with this institution.
Located in New York State, New York City has a population of over 8.1 million people and covers an area of ​​800 km ˛. New York metropolitan area is the center of one of the largest urban conglomeratii the world with a population of over 22 million. New York City consists of 5 districts: Brooklyn, Bronx, Manhattan, Queens and Staten Island.
In the city there are many immigrants from over 180 countries, making it one of New York’s most cosmopolitan places in the world. The city has a very strong economy, producing nearly $ 500 billion – if it were land, New York would be the 17th-century domestic product in the world, surpassing Switzerland (377 billion) and nearly equaling Russia (586 billion dollars).

History of New York

Long before the arrival of Europeans, the New York area was inhabited by Lenape tribes. In 1524, Giovanni da Verrazzano reached here, the first European explorer to enter New York Harbor. Opens in 1613, in Lower Manhattan, a Dutch company fur trade, and in 1624 the southern part of Manhattan is already known as New Amsterdam. In 1626, Peter Minuit bought Manhattan Island from the Indians Algonquin Island and Staten Island.
In 1664, the British occupied the city, and it gives Dutch officially Britain in 1667, by the Treaty of Breda, following the Second Anglo-Dutch War. The city was renamed New Yord after James, Duke of York, and became a royal colony in 1685, when James ascended the throne of England. The city was badly damaged during the Battle of Brooklyn, early American war of independence and was occupied by the British until November 25, 1783, when George Washington returned to the city, and the last British troops left the United States. On 13 September 1788, New York became the first capital of the U.S., and on 30 April 1789, the first U.S. president, George Washington, was officially invested at Federal Hall on Wall Street. In 1790, Philadelphia became the second capital of the U.S..
In the 19th century, the city grew intense as a result of immigration, reaching to fill the mouths of Manhattan and Erie Canal, linking the port and vast agricultural areas in the central-western U.S. and Canada (1819). In 1835, New York City surpassed Philadelphia and was the largest city in North America. In 1857, the New York Central Park was inaugurated, the first of its kind in American cities.
During the Civil War (1861 – 1865), the population of New York, because of the close commercial relations with the South, a large number of immigrants and forced enlistment was divided into two camps, which led to riots in 1863. After the war, the rate of immigration from Europe grew progressively U.S. New York became the first stop for millions of people who came to the U.S. in search of a better life – this role was recognized and raising here the Statue of Liberty in 1886.
In 1874 and 1895, New York City (and New York) attached to the Bronx, and in 1898, the city has taken shape political existence today. In the first half of the twentieth century, the city became a world center for industry, commerce and communications. Since 1904 works first subway company. In 1925, New York became the most populous city in the world, surpassing London. In the 30’s, despite the Great Depression, the New York amounted numerous skyscrapers. In the period before and after the Second World War, the area was built bridges, parks and promenades.
In 1951, the United Nations moved in Flushing Meadows Park, Queens, on the east side of Manhattan.
Like other U.S. cities, New York suffered a decline in its population and industrial capacity in the 60, but returned to its status as a financial center after 1980, with the rise of Wall Street. Also, since 1990 the crime rate low and, what immigrants brought to the attention of the city, and the Americans.
On 11 September 2001, New York City suffered a terrorist attack that led to the death of about 3,000 people and the destruction of the two towers of the World Trade Center. In their place shall arise Freedom Tower, scheduled to be built between 2006 and 2010.

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