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History of PortugalAll About Travelling
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History of Portugal

Sep, 02 || No Comments | Tags: ,

Declared kingdom by Alphonso in 1139 and recognized by the Pope in 1179, Portugal’s independence took place in the twelfth century, although its tribal roots extend beyond Roman times. Portugal borders as they are today have remained unchanged since 1267. Iberia is currently the Portugal was occupied by a people called Lusitania, but the region was invaded and occupied by the Romans and later the Moors, which was under control until the eleventh century when Ferdinand, ruler of the kingdom of Leon and Castilla (in place that is now Spain) conquered the most territory.

Spanish monarchy managed to remain independent until the twentieth century (except for a period of 60 years when the country was ruled by Spanish Habsburgs). One of the most famous characters of this period was Prince Henry the Navigator, counting among its acquisitions into Madeira and Azure. One of the most famous visitors to Madeira was Christopher Columbus who married the daughter of a governor of the island and who lived in Porto Santo for a while. Island survived a brief invasion by a French pirate in 1566, but in 1580, along with the rest of Portugal, came under Spanish domination.

In 1910 the Kingdom of Portugal made the unusual choice to become a republic. However changing the status of the country had some devastating consequences: a series of eight presidents, 44 governments and a declining economy.

However, the army said in a coup and the establishment of a dictatorship that lasted for decades. Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, dictator elected civilian by the military, was influenced by populist fascism of Benito Mussolini in Italy and founded a party that led Portugal with little tolerance but with enough skill to keep the country out as the de- World War II, as a neutral country.

In recent years Portugal was governed for two years by a group led military members of the Movimiento Left das Forcas Armardas, instigators of a revolution, while civilian politicians have reappeared and took shape around the Socialist and Communist parties and around the Partido Popular Democratico party right.

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