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History of England

Sep, 01 || No Comments | Tags: , , ,

There is archaeological evidence showing that southern England was colonized by humans long before the rest of the British Isles, during prehistory.

And flint tools from the bones that were found in Norfolk and Suffolk show that homo erectus lived in the place where is now England 700,000 years ago now. At that time England was linked to the European continent by a land bridge (isthmus) wide. Instead they are now English Channel is a river flowing westwards and fed by tributaries which was later became Thames and the Seine.

Evidence suggests that the first people who arrived in England were hunter-gatherers who arrived on the European continent around 8000 BC Only in 4000 BC came the first group of “young farmers” in southern Europe.

Following him the “young farmers”, other visitors came from Europe, Belgium, Celts and Gauls arrived on this territory since the multi-cultural Britain tendency that can be seen today. The Celts brought iron manufacturing in the British Isles. The artistic style of these Iron Age people, animals and plant forms that twist and bend, is used throughout Europe.

When the Romans invaded in 43 d.Hr island they found a highly developed culture based on tribes, but the occupation did not last long because the Romans had to abandon the land to protect their empire. Anglo-Saxons were the next group who claimed rights to land, followed by Vikings. Norman conquest in 1066 brought many changes in England.

Medieval Age was marked by difficult times, wars with France, political and religious unrest and outbreaks of plague regular black population decimated. In the late Middle Ages Tudor family gained control of the monarchy and began a dynasty that has included too-casatoritul Henry VIII and ended with him 45 years of Elizabeth I. Elizabethan period was a golden age. Over the years England continued to expand their territories worldwide, reaching peak power during the reign of another great queen, Victoria, which brought prosperity to the country for 64 years in the nineteenth century.

Twentieth century was a turbulent time for the British: two costly wars and the loss of empire had a negative impact on the economy and national morale. Many Britons still cling to their relationship with the United States, despite strong economic and social trends that lead to integration with continental Europe. Increased autonomy in Scotland and Wales continue to cause changes. While no one predicts the complete dissolution of Great Britain, the coming years will bring a lot of changes in how the country is governed and represented worldwide.

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