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History of CanadaAll About Travelling
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History of Canada

Sep, 01 || No Comments | Tags: , ,

Before Europeans arrived in Canada, the area was inhabited by various populations who came from Asia via the Bering Strait over 10,000 years ago ago. Vikings arrived in Canada around 1000 AD Their arrival is described in Icelandic stories and confirmed by archaeological discoveries in Newfoundland.

John Cabot, sailing under the English flag, reached the east coast in 1497. In 1534, Frenchman Jacques Cartier set a cross on the Gaspe Peninsula. These and many other trips to the Canadian coast were trying to find a northwest passage to Asia pass. Later, English-French rivalry dominated Canadian history until 1763.

The first permanent European settlement in Canada was founded in 1605 by Sieur Monts and Samuel de Champlain to Port Royal (now Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia). A point of trade was founded in Quebec in 1608. Meanwhile the British, moving to support their claims about Cabot’s discoveries, attacked Port Royal (1614) and captured Quebec (1629).

But the French have issued Quebec (1632) and with the help of New France (Company of One Hundred Associates), began to exploit the fur trade and to establish new settlements. The French were primarily interested in the fur trade. Between 1608 and 1640, more than 300 settlers arrived here.

French settlements scattered stark contrast to the relatively dense English settlements along the Atlantic coast to the south. Following a policy initiated by Champlain, the French have supported their war against the Iroquois in Huron, later in the seventeenth century, when the Iroquois defeated the Huron, the French colony came near extinction. However, continued exploration.

The French have not spent time without being challenged. The English had claims on Acadia area and the Hudson Bay Company in 1670 began to compete with western fur trade. When the long series of wars between Britain and France broke out in Europe, it was continued in parallel in North America by French and Indian wars.

Peace of Utrecht (1713) gave Britain Acadia, Hudson Bay area and Newfoundland. In order to strengthen the French position other forts built in the West (among them Detroit and Niagara). Decisive battle of all this rivalry occurred in 1759, when Wolfe defeated Montcalm on the Plains of Abraham (Plains of Abraham), leading to the fall of Quebec in British hands. Montreal fell in 1760. The Treaty of Paris of 1763, France ceded all its possessions east of the Mississippi Great Britain, while Louisiana went to Spain.

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