The Siwa oasis and is located between Qattara Depression and the Egyptian Desert Sand Sea of Libya. Siwa is a small village in the desert-oasis located 350 miles west of Cairo, Siwa is the place where the ancient temple of Ammon’s (Amun), where Alexander the Great came in 331 BC to consult the oracle.
With about 80 kilometers long and 20 kilometers wide, Siwa oasis is one of isolated settlements in Egypt, with 23,000 people, mostly ethnic Berbers who speak a different language called Siwi. Siwa is the westernmost of the five main oases of Egypt and you can get there by car coming from Marsa Matruh Baharia or coming from the Mediterranean coast. By comparison with other oases, the most striking feature of the landscape of many lakes Siwa salt is present, which shrinks during the summer.
But also salt in the soil, which creates a big problem. Clay bricks have been used for centuries to build full-fortress villages which are called “Qasr” in Arabic, and Shalit in Siwa, Farafra Qasr in, Qasr Dakhla Qasr Kharga to Dakhla and Kharga in.
Lately all suffered especially because of the rain rather than the devastation of the people. Shalit, in particular, was reduced to a ruin impressive and dangerous due to high salt content of clay bricks.
The city offers tourists a wide variety of traditional products: baskets made of palm leaves and decorated with colorful ribbons, dresses and embroidered fabrics and also the famous and expensive of Siwa silver jewelry, including necklaces with pendants of various sizes complex, bracelets engraved rings, earrings and heavy chains and bells that are too heavy to be worn as earrings, are hanging on both sides of the head by a piece of leather (tanned) suspended.
FOOD IN SIWA
Siwa has good food, even if the service is pretty slow, but its humble restaurants offer a variety of foods rather than including Indian dishes. Dates of Siwa in Egypt are the best and perhaps the world. Besides the regular dates, they are sold and filled with almonds and chocolate. Shops in dates is near Market Square, and the price is 7-8 Egyptian pounds for a box of 500 grams.
Restaurants in Siwa: Siwa Restaurants are usually simple, but very charming. There are plenty of to choose from, but it seems that the old local Abdu is still the most popular place.
HISTORY OF SIWA
Siwa is very mysterious, and in all oases of Egypt, is also the most spectacular and fascinating. Its history has been shaped not only by all major civilizations, but also the contrast between the surrounding desert and oasis land rich surface. Siwa, like other Western oases, has had several names over the millennia. It was called by the ancient Arabs Santariya and Amun and Marmaricus The oasis of Jupiter Hammon.
Although we know that oasis has been inhabited since at least X millennium BC, the earliest evidence of connection with Ancient Egypt is the 26th dynasty, when a cemetery was built here. Siwa oasis name was Egyptian Sekhem-I (which means “land of palm trees”).
It is believed to have been occupied from Neolithic and Paleolithic period and that was the capital of an ancient kingdom which included Bahrain, Qara and Arashieh. During the ancient kingdom of Egypt was part of Tehenu, Land of Olives which may have extended eastward to Mareotis.
Siwa The oasis has little in common with other Western oases. The inhabitants of Siwa are mostly Berbers, the true natives of western desert, crossing the African coast in the past between Morocco and Tunisia. They have their own culture and their own customs and, in addition to speak Arabic, speak their own language Berber (Amazigh). Women wearing traditional costumes and silver jewelry.
Today, modern Siwa town is walled gardens between, dense clusters of palm trees and olive groves, a few freshwater springs and salt lakes. Siwa also hide in the underground remains of the ancient city-fortress impressive Shalit. But we know almost nothing about the oasis Siwa in Egypt during ancient history. Only at the beginning of the 26th Dynasty came evidence that Siwa was part of the Egyptian empire.