National Library, founded in 1796 (about 2.3 million books) and Academy of Sciences (400,000) in Lisbon, Coimbra University Library (1 million) and the Municipal Library of Porto (1.27 million). In 1997 the country had 168 public libraries with 4.8 million books. Lisbon houses the National Museum of Ancient Art, Calouste Gulbenkian Museum, Modern Art Museum and Center for Decorative Arts and the National Museum of Natural History.
Museums located in Porto
Museu do Carro electro: Located northwest of downtown. This museum preserves the original transit system in Porto.
Casa Museu Guerra Junqueiro: Located downtown, once home of legendary Portuguese poet Guerra Junqueiro, the structure of the eighteenth century was designed and built by Italian architect Niccolò Nasoni. Sculptures in wood and stone with religious themes and a rare set of English alabaster sculptures.
Romântico da Quinta da Macieirinha Museum: Located downtown, the upper floors of a charming house in the nineteenth century, where you will find furniture Portuguese, German and French, and carpets, watercolors, oil paintings and ceramics. In ancient times a specific note, and King of Sardinia, Carlos Alberto, who abdicated, lived and died here in 1849.
Museums located in Lisbon
Museu da Marinha: The finest European maritime center with exhibits recalling the glorious contribution of Portugal in water expeditions. Articles include naval uniforms and ship models dating from the fifteenth century and until the eighteenth century. Here is a nice section dedicated to pioneers of the Portuguese pilots.
Museu Nacional de Ethnology: Founded in 1965, this museum has over 26,000 cultural items from different countries, including an excellent collection of agricultural tools and Portuguese African art.
Centro de Art Moderna: Excellent Portuguese modern art with works dating from the early twentieth century to the present. Lisbon city first major permanent collection of modern art was founded in 1980.